Sugar was taboo for diabetics for a long time. But new studies have shown that diabetics do not need special foods. What you need is a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables. Foods labeled "suitable for diabetics" are sometimes even considered harmful. According to information from the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) show recent scientific findings: A sugar ban in diabetes is not necessary to remove the budget sugar from the food is now outdated.
Daily consumption of fruits and vegetables
Rather, diabetics should follow their dietary recommendations, which also apply to the general population. Especially the daily consumption of fruits and vegetables is important, because these foods contain not only antioxidant substances, but also many fiber.
Sugar substitutes and sweeteners
The keyword for diabetics is called "sugar substitutes". As the name implies, they replace the sugar, because diabetics are very often prescribed a strict diet with the ban on sugar and the exact counting of bread units (BE). The industry has developed to special diabetic foods: These are in most cases confectionery such as biscuits or chocolate, in which instead of sugar sweeteners and / or sugar substitutes are included - usually the sugar substitute fructose (fructose).
Sugar substitutes are sweet-tasting carbohydrates and can be processed like "normal" sugar. Their sweetening power is between 40 and 70 per cent of that of domestic sugar or about 150 per cent with fructose.
Sugar substitutes include:
- Mannitol (mannitol)
Sweeteners are chemical compounds with a sweetening power that is 30 to 3, 000 times greater than that of table sugar. They provide no or very few calories.
Identify food uniformly
However, special diabetic foods are not necessary at all, because diabetics should be guided by the diet of the general population. The previous labeling of typical diabetic foods expired on January 1, 2012. Labeling was also problematic as many diabetic foods on offer contain high levels of unfavorable fats that add weight to many diabetics.
The classification as a diabetic food can also lead to diabetics believe that they could consume the labeled food in unlimited quantities, which is not the case. In addition, diabetic products are usually more expensive than standard foods.
Because of these problems, but also because the labeling is actually superfluous, there will be no specially labeled diabetic food in the future. It would be useful to use a uniform nutritional label instead. Easy to understand information not only about calorific value, protein, carbohydrates and fat, but also about total sugar, saturated fat, fiber and sodium or saline. This would make it easier for diabetics to choose suitable products. In addition, such labeling would also benefit all other consumers.