Dizziness is experienced differently by everyone. One is the loss of spatial orientation, feeling weak or becoming black in front of the eyes; others complain of nausea or the tendency to fall. About 38% of Germans suffer from vertigo attacks - women more often than men. In 8% of those affected the dizziness is due to a disease.
Dizziness: Symptom with numerous causes
If dizziness expresses an unpleasant distortion of perception of space and movement, it is not a disease, but a symptom with numerous causes. The range of causes is great. Dizziness is here - as well as the pain - an alarm signal of the body, the cause of which must be sought.
The trigger can be the balance system itself, but also too high or too low blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmia, metabolism or the psyche. An accurate medical diagnosis - especially in new dizziness attacks - is therefore very important and basis for any further treatment.
Stay in balance
The balance is based on the finely tuned cooperation of the most diverse organs. These include the eyes, the sense of balance in the inner ear and the central processing in the brain. If one link in the chain does not work, all the others get confused - we get dizzy.
In motion sickness, the brain receives contradictory information about the position and movement of the body, causing a so-called physiological dizziness. Also, the intake of many drugs, eg. As antibiotics, antidepressants, cardiotonic or hypotensive drugs, can cause dizziness.
Worse is the "lesion vertigo", which is caused by a pathological disorder of the function of sensory organs, especially the organ of balance.If the organ of balance in the ear is ill or completely failed, it is called a vestibular dizziness. Possible causes are inflammations, tumors, Circulatory disorders, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis or diseases such as Meniere's disease.
This disease, which occurs mainly between the 40th and 60th year of life, manifests itself in minutes or even hours of vertigo attacks with falling tendency, sweating, nausea and vomiting. Mostly, the disease takes a favorable course; In unfavorable cases, hearing loss and tinnitus (ear noise) may develop.
In old age, the most common thing is "swindle"
The most common form of dizziness in adults is the head position and postural vertigo, which is most prevalent when the head is laid on its side. This dizziness can occur after falls or very violent head movements. As a typical old-age disease, this dizziness usually shows between the 60th and 80th year of life.
Especially at night, when turning around in bed or when straightening up, the patients suffer from short-lasting attacks of dizziness, which may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting and anxiety. This disease rarely lasts long, but usually resolves after treatment.
Blood pressure and balance
Dizziness, drowsiness and blackness in front of the eyes can also be the result of a lack of blood flow to the brain, which in turn is due to a mostly temporary circulatory disorder. This is often the result of a drop in blood pressure and is characterized by drowsiness, slowing or confusion. In addition, it can also lead to blurred vision, ear noises, nausea and in extreme cases to a short fainting.
But dizziness can also trigger high blood pressure, with headaches almost always present. Cardiac arrhythmias, especially in the elderly, are also the cause of dizziness, as the brain is not supplied with blood uniformly
Treatment - all right
In addition to the treatment of the cause of dizziness, physiotherapeutic measures have proven particularly useful. In doing so, postural uncertainties are provoked that require corrective movements on the part of the patient. The aim of the therapy is therefore ultimately an improvement of the equilibrium reaction. In the case of dizziness and motion sickness medication can be used on tablets (eg with dimenhydrinate) or homeopathic preparations with cocculus.
Protection from dizziness - not always the method of choice
Physical activity is also or especially important with increasing age, because in people with already low blood pressure it falls even further in stressful situations. Who then lies down to the protection, strengthens these circulatory reactions in addition. Those who suffer from vertigo attacks due to a certain anxiety and show signs of circulatory weakness after getting up - such as muscle tremors, rapid heartbeat or dizziness - should gradually increase their physical capacity.
A suitable condition training not only promotes physical and mental fitness, but also the oxygenation of the body. In particular, isometric muscle training and endurance sports activate the circulation and secure the oxygen supply. Gentle or even severe bed rest additionally weaken, especially older people.