KiSS syndrome is the abbreviation for head joint-induced symmetry disorder. In fact, this is not a disease but a control disorder. KiSS syndrome is a misalignment that originates from the transitional area between the base of the skull and the vertebral joints in the area of the upper cervical spine. The KiSS syndrome leads to asymmetric postures and movements. For example, hyperextension of the spine, facial asymmetry where one half of the face is smaller than the other, and asymmetric insertion of the arms and / or legs occur.
Causes of KiSS Syndrome
The causes of KiSS syndrome are mainly due to problems at birth, when the baby's head is pressed under high pressure through the mother's narrow birth canal, or when it rotates during childbirth, putting a heavy strain on the head joint.
Risk factors for a KiSS syndrome are a suction block or forceps birth, emergency caesarean sections, twin births, very fast births and a birth weight of more than 4, 000 grams. As a result of a rump or breech, it may already come during pregnancy disorders.
KiSS syndrome: symptoms in babies
KiSS syndrome babies may have a strong skewness of the head - hence the term crooked neck - and the trunk and possibly a clearly asymmetrical skull shape with flattened back of the head. Problems in the area of the cervical spine can also be felt by a backward bending of the head as a restraint for the cervical spine. KiSS Syndrome Babies typically avoid the prone position and are reluctant to crawl.
As typical KiSS syndrome symptoms in infants apply:
- An asymmetrical head posture and an imbalance in the bed
- Drinking problems with frequent drooling and difficulty swallowing
- Sleep disorders, frequent waking up and restlessness
- Sensitivity to touch especially when lifting (infants react with screaming or crying)
- Head restraint and head weakness
- Screaming children, three-month colic
- one-sided breastfeeding problems
- Skull / head asymmetry with unilateral development of one side of the face
These symptoms do not all occur simultaneously and may partly be the result of other causes. Skipping the crawling stage can also occur in healthy children, for example.
KiSS syndrome: Symptoms in children and adults
In the recent past, KiSS syndrome has been blamed for further childhood discomfort: these symptoms include more severe motor development, reduced growth failure and lack of weight gain, and ENT problems.
If the KiSS syndrome is not treated in infancy, the so-called Kidd syndrome occurs as a consequence. Kidd syndrome means head joint-induced dyspraxia / dysgnosia. Dyspraxia stands for the inability to perform learned movements despite the presence of perception and movement ability, dysgnosia for a disturbed perception. In children of school age, the symptoms shift to learning difficulties (sometimes called dyscalculia), difficulty concentrating, cognitive disorders, hyperactivity or aggressiveness, headache and poor posture.
An untreated KiSS syndrome may later lead to cervical spine complaints, chronic back pain, herniated discs, ear noises, dizziness, movement and balance disorders in adults.
Treat the KiSS syndrome
Before the KiSS syndrome is treated, a comprehensive examination of the children is first necessary. Presumably, the doctor will also advise to an x-ray examination.
The KiSS syndrome can be treated well with Gutmann's manual therapy (also called Hio technique or Arlen atlas therapy). The manual treatment is intended to restore the symmetry of the cervical spine: a pressure impulse is applied to the two upper cervical vertebrae (without rotation parts). Furthermore, mobilizing handles are performed on other parts of the spine. The handles used in children are different than those in adults.
For many children, this one-time manual therapy is enough to achieve convincing results. Osteopathic therapy is possible as a supportive measure. If the manual therapy does not bring the desired success, the next step in the treatment is physiotherapy. However, physiotherapy in patients with KiSS syndrome should begin at the earliest four weeks after manual therapy.