The time after birth is exciting - especially with the first child. And not infrequently, the "newborn" child parents are also particularly worried. Above all, the "newbie" on his way to the world needs food, love, warmth and a lot of body contact - conditions in which most parents can rely on their natural instincts. And even the small aches and pains get a good grip.
For the soul: a lot of closeness
Just in the comforting-warm amniotic fluid, weightless and always the muted heart sound of the mother in the ear. Now in a loud, bright and sometimes cold world. This is something that babies have to deal with first. To help you with this change, there is only one thing: a lot, a lot of body proximity. During the day, babies want to be with them everywhere, preferably on mom's or dad's arm or while walking close to the body, for example in a carrying strap or cloth.
A firm rhythm
In the mother's stomach - these were full board and carelessness. Now the body has to get used to self-sufficiency. The food, for example, no longer flows automatically and the temperature regulation must first gain momentum. The latter is also the reason why babies must be dressed warm in the beginning: they can not "hold" their body temperature yet and cool off easily. Whether your baby is freezing or even too warm, you can check on the neck (not on hands and feet, which are often cool in babies).
Some babies are difficult at first because of the changeover processes, they cry a lot, they find it difficult to calm down. This is due to an immaturity of the brain that causes the baby to suffer from too much stimulus. Such babies, if they have a stable daily rhythm with regular breaks (about every 1.5 hours) helps. The parents must take care that they are respected, because not all babies signal that they are tired.
If the baby is asleep, it should not be startled by loud noises (eg telephone better show). Many babies are doing well when wrapped tightly in a blanket for reassurance. This limitation reminds them of the security of the uterus and gives them stability and security.
What to do if you have a stomachache?
Tummy ache The gastrointestinal tract of most small babies is still immature. It is especially in the first three months (called three-month colic) often complaints. As a rule, the screaming towards evening increases more and the child is hardly calm. Most of the babies have swallowed too much air while drinking and are now suffering from flatulence. Therefore, make sure that the child drinks in a quiet atmosphere and then pushes open extensively. As a breastfeeding mother, avoid flatulent foods and drink cumin or fennel tea regularly.
Heat is helpful against stomachache Put your baby eg a warm (not hot!) Kirschkernsäckchen on the stomach or massage his stomach clockwise with warm caraway oil. Often it helps to carry the baby in the so-called flying posture. The baby lies with her stomach on her forearm. Some babies are fine if they are kept wrapped in a blanket or tightly wrapped.
What to do with diarrhea?
The most common cause is a gastrointestinal catarrh. In infants, diarrhea is not without risk, as they can not compensate for fluid losses so quickly and dry out easily. Therefore, you should not wait more than 6 hours with the doctor's visit; If diarrhea causes vomiting, you should consult a doctor immediately.
Signs of dehydration include dryness of the mouth, tongue and mucous membranes. The skin of the infant appears slack, it is usually restless and difficult to calm; in pain, he pulls his legs against the body. The doctor usually prescribes electrolyte solutions to balance the mineral metabolism. Breast children can continue to be breastfed if they ask for it, in case of bottle children you should consult the doctor.
What to do when vomiting?
Even when vomiting, the baby loses a lot of fluids. Therefore, always offer your child something to drink. If the baby vomits two meals at a time or if it also suffers from fever or abdominal pain, you should consult a doctor immediately. Even if the child can not keep any fluid (even the smallest amounts) with him, a visit to a doctor is immediately necessary.
What to do if you have a fever?
Infants fever fast - especially with colds. Fever can also have many other reasons. Therefore, a persistent fever over 38.5 degrees Celsius for babies up to the age of 6 months is always a reason to go to the doctor. Because they can lose a lot of water and electrolytes at this age due to heavy sweating. Because they usually have no appetite and want to drink anything, the fluid loss may not be compensated quickly enough. The drugs of choice for treatment are calf rolls and medications (usually suppositories containing the active ingredient acetaminophen).
Important: The calf rolls may only be applied at a temperature above 39 degrees Celsius and when the legs are noticeably hot; otherwise a circulatory collapse threatens. Give the baby plenty to drink, wear it lightly (when it feels hot) or warmer (when it's chilly), and get some fresh air.
What to do with newborn acne?
It can occur right after birth or up to four weeks later. Triggers are probably the hormones of the mother, which are passed through the placenta. The nodules that spread to the forehead and cheeks are harmless and disappear within weeks of themselves. Dabbing with breast milk can help with healing. To avoid inflammation, please do not express!
What to do if you have earache?
Most of the reason is a middle ear infection. It is common in infants when an infection of the nasopharynx rises. The baby is restless and irritable, drinks badly, may have diarrhea and fever. Some babies wag their heads and keep reaching for their ears.
If you suspect a middle ear infection, you should always consult a doctor. As self-help use decongestant nose drops (no ear drops, they do not reach deep enough in the inner ear), red light and heat (eg, the child with the ear on a warm hot water bottle). It is very effective to place a small bag of chopped onions on the ear. The doctor usually prescribes nasal drops and antibiotics as well as suppositories or juices for the pain.
What to do if you have difficulties sleeping?
Only the rest. In the first month, the baby usually can not live longer than 2-4 hours without food. Still, it can not distinguish day and night yet. So it is completely normal if it regularly registers its needs during the day and also at night. If a baby cries, it is either starving or having a stomachache at this age, or it is longing for physical closeness. If these needs are satisfied and the baby is still screaming, it will no longer be able to sleep alone. Then rhythmic weighing, carrying or stroking can help.
What to do with hiccups?
In babies very common and harmless. It usually occurs when the abdomen is exposed during winding and evaporative cold develops. At this age helps gently tapping on the back, warm tea or a warm cherry stone bag on the stomach.
What about colds?
Since babies are nasal breathing, they can torment a cold. Of course, drinking does not work as well when the child has to breathe through the mouth. If the nose is heavily blocked, special baby drops may be necessary. Since these dry out the mucous membranes in the long term, they should be given only a few days. If your baby's head is still, you can try to suck the mucus with a nasal pump (Attention, risk of injury!).
Since the common cold is usually viral infections, only the symptoms can be treated. Lots of fresh air and hanging wet towels in the bedroom - these basic measures help most babies already a lot. Also helpful are saline drops that can be safely used longer.
What to do in case of spitting?
"Speibabies are thriving babies", there is something to that spell. But above all because they thrive "nevertheless". Spitting is definitely not the same as vomiting. Only small quantities of food are transported outside and this is done completely painlessly and effortlessly; This can happen even hours after food intake.
The cause of the "acid abusive" is the Magenpförtner (sphincter between stomach and esophagus), which is not working properly. If the baby is closing regularly, you do not have to worry. As a rule, the symptom disappears on its own when the infant begins to sit or stand, or even earlier, when breast milk is changed over to complementary foods.
What to do with diaper rash?
Sore buttocks are uncommon in almost every infant, with signs of mild redness to severe inflammation and bleeding. The cause may be food, both that of the mother (acidic fruit or vegetables) and that of the child. It may also be a fungal disease (sharply defined, raised redness and scaling) or a bacterial infection.
The redness can usually be quickly eliminated by frequent diaper changes and the care with a zinc ointment. Alternatively, St. John's Wort oil or oak bark sediment (from the pharmacy) or mother's milk thinly dabbed on the reddened spots. If this treatment does not improve after a few days, you should consult a doctor. It is helpful after the bath to dry the butt with a not too hot hair dryer and to let the baby pedal as often as possible with bare buttocks.
What to do if constipation?
Some babies have bowel movements every day, others only once a week. To constipation is only when less than once a week in hard chunks is emptied and the baby has to work very hard while pressing. This is rare in breastfed children, because their chair is rather soft and pulpy. There may be a lack of fluids and the baby needs to drink more. In some babies, the cause is a tear in the anus mucosa, which causes the child to hold back the stool for fear of pain.
What to do in case of toothache?
When babies teething (usually between the fifth and eighth month) is often a time of special tension and restlessness, in which the child needs a lot of tenderness. Because the erupting teeth produce a feeling of tension, can tickle, burn or even hurt properly (if the overlying gums is already swollen). Most of the first teeth with tearfulness, increased salivation, rarely with fever or diarrhea.
Above all, pressure and cooling, eg by a (in the fridge, not freezer compartment) cooled teething ring or spoon, help against the feeling of tension. But also foods (apples, carrots, bread edges) on which the child can bite around, are suitable. Homoeopathic globules (eg globules Chamomilla D30) or special teething gels, sage tea or diluted sage tincture (tastes bitter) have proven to be well-tried. Some parents swear by violet roots (from the pharmacy).
If your child cries in pain, you can also give him pain suppositories from the pharmacy.