Hypertension - symptoms and complications

What symptoms and complaints are possible with high blood pressure? High blood pressure (hypertension) has almost always been present for a long time without causing symptoms or signs. Since high blood pressure causes damage to the small blood vessels at this time as well, early detection examinations are important. Only then can you proceed purposefully against high blood pressure.

Hypertension: symptoms and high blood pressure

Symptoms usually occur only when hypertension has already affected the organs. Especially the brain and eyes, heart and kidneys are damaged early. Depending on the affected region symptoms are quite different, often unspecific. Symptoms of hypertension can be:

  • Dizziness and tears
  • palpitations
  • Pressure / tightness in the heart area
  • sweats
  • nosebleeds
  • blurred vision
  • Headache (especially at night and in the morning)
  • Nervousness, irritability, difficulty concentrating
  • Vomit
  • erectile Dysfunction

It is important that strength and type of symptoms and symptoms do not suggest how pronounced the high blood pressure is. Even small signs or symptoms can be an indication of hypertension.

Hypertension: complications

If nothing is done for years against hypertension, irreversible damage to the vessels will result. This in turn leads to serious diseases of different organs.

  • Heart: High blood pressure is a constant burden on the left ventricle. This can lead to heart failure (heart failure). In addition, arteriosclerosis of the coronary arteries is favored, which in turn can lead to circulatory disorders in the heart (coronary heart disease, short: CHD) and a heart attack.
  • Brain: Damage to the cerebral vessels often causes a stroke.
  • Kidneys: By changing the renal vessels renal function decreases (kidney failure), it can result in kidney failure.
  • Eyes: The damage to the vessels of the fundus can lead to visual impairment and in extreme cases to blindness.
  • Limbs: Rarely, high blood pressure causes circulatory disorders especially of the legs.
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