The four killers of the "Deadly Quartet", high blood pressure, elevated blood lipid levels, increased blood sugar and overweight, overweight, cost more people's lives year after year, especially the latter - the annoying and dangerous bacon - with relatively little effort under control to get.
Abundant belly fat endangers the health!
Already around 60 percent of the adult population in Germany is overweight, according to the Robert Koch Institute, so they have a BMI (body weight in kilograms / (height in meters) 2) of over 25 (men) and 24 (women). The trend continues to rise despite the high health risk. Obesity increases the risk of serious sequelae such as atherosclerosis, heart failure, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cancer, gout and lipid metabolism disorders, which can be partially fatal, especially if they occur together as a deadly quartet. Other reasons for the treatment of obesity:
- With increasing duration and severity of overweight, the treatment becomes more difficult.
- The health consequences of obesity (obesity) are not always reversible after weight loss.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
The BMI is the quotient of body weight in kg divided by the square of the body length measured in meters (kg / m2). BMI correlates quite well with body fat mass and the risk of negative effects on health and life expectancy and has therefore become established as a unit of measurement.
BMI (kg / m2) Body weight: <20 - Underweight> 20 - 25 Normal weight> 25 - 30 Overweight> 30 - 40 Obesity> 40 - Extreme obesity Obese BMI> 30 (kg / m2) is associated with obesity high risk to health is in need of treatment. Calculate your body mass index with our BMI calculator.
Being overweight is not just overweight
The fat distribution is genetic and differs in men and women. Nutritionists classify excess weight after body fat distribution in two different groups, which also pose a different risk for the associated sequelae.
Critical to the health risk is the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), which is the ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hip. If the WHR is high, the overweight is more belly-stressed (android type: "apple shape") and the risk of developing complications such as atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure or type 2 diabetes is disproportionately higher than with a lower value (gynoid type: "pear shape"). ).
In men, there is more than 0.95 from a WHR, and abdominal fat deposits in women from 0.85 (waist circumference / hip circumference). The gynoid type or "pear type" is mainly found in females, while the android type or "apple type" occurs in males, so calculate your waist-to-hip ratio with our fat distribution calculator.
The android guy lives more dangerous
Adipose and overweight people with androgenic fat distribution have a much higher risk of getting diabetes mellitus type 2 and cardiovascular diseases as well as vascular calcifications and, in the worst case, having a heart attack or stroke. Conversely, the gynoid type has more problems to reduce the weight again. After menopause, the abdominal fat in the woman often increases. In both sexes, the health risk increases with the increase in abdominal adipose tissue.
Beneficial factors for obesity
- High calorie diet and physical inactivity
- Too much alcohol and nicotine
- Mental stress and fast weight loss and weight gain ("yo-yo effect")
The reduction in body fat through a long-term change in diet in combination with a lot of movement is worthwhile for both android and gynoid types, because with the body fat content also decreases the risk for the above-mentioned diseases. Lots of fresh vegetables and fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy, sea fish and plenty of mineral water are the cornerstones of a diet that simply takes the "deadly quartet" out of the sails.