In love for the first time, finally allowed to go to the movies in the evening, maybe even a car soon - growing up is great. Less "cool", however, are the pimples and pustules that plague almost every teenager. So that the acne does not spoil all fun, the right care and treatment is announced.
Hormonal conversion ensures pimples
"Many adolescents are bothered by the greasy sheen of their skin, " reports Professor Dr. med. Christiane Bayerl, Wiesbaden. This seborrhoea is typical when hormonal changes during puberty, in addition to many other changes, also activate the sebum production of the skin. Hyperkeratosis, ie excessive keratinization of the sebaceous glands, is added. The pores of the skin clog, blackheads - open, black or closed, white comedones - arise. Pimples, inflammatory papules or purulent pustules may develop.
Cleansing the skin in case of acne
"A common mistake, however, is an aggressive cleaning with too much soap or even alcoholic tonic, " warns Bayerl. This strains the skin unnecessarily and damages the acid mantle, making the skin more susceptible to irritation and germs. Mild syndets should be preferred.
The dermatologist recommends products that have been specially developed for young, impure skin. "Gentle scrub peels are very helpful, as they remove dirt, excess lipids, dead skin and sweat thoroughly, " explains Bayerl. "Dermocosmetic agents such as salicylic acid or fruit acids loosen the cornucopia and prevent the formation of comedones, and products that can be used as a peeling or as a mask are very useful." For fresh pustules no scrub peeling should be done.
Care of the skin and treatment of acne
Grooming should be done daily with moisturizing oil-in-water emulsions, such as a hydrogel. A mattifying day cream takes the unsightly skin shine. Unfavorable are high-fat creams, such as lanolin. Young people should look for care products that are labeled as "non-comedogenic". Ingredients such as aloe vera, chamomile or witch hazel not only care for, but soothe the skin and relieve inflammation.
Incidentally, blackheads and pimples should not be "pushed around" - this only aggravates the skin condition and can even lead to scarring. "Better is a regular manual cleaning with a trained beautician, " advises Bayerl.
Early to the dermatologist for treatment
People who suffer from acne should seek advice early from the dermatologist. "What is important is an individual care and treatment concept that is tailored to the skin and the needs of the young patient, " emphasizes Bayerl. The dermatologist will prescribe a cream or gel with a suitable medical drug or, if severe, an oral drug. "Tailored skin care can then support dermatological therapy, " adds the expert.
Dentist tips on acne
- "Thorough washing prevents acne" Important is not much, but regularly the right care! Aggressive cleaners can even harm the skin, too much soap can make acne worse. Prefer special acne products.
- "Sweet and sour is forbidden" An acne is not affected by any diet. However, a balanced, healthy diet ensures beautiful skin "from the inside".
- "Sun helps against pimples" No, too much UV light even aggravates the cornification. Therefore, ensure sufficient sun protection, preferably using non-comedogenic preparations such as hydrogels. Caution: Some acne medications additionally make the skin sensitive to light.
- "For pimples, petting is taboo" Not at all, because acne is not contagious to others.